Many different factors can have a bearing on the scope of torture and ill treatment. Effective preventive work therefore requires a holistic approach. In addition to visiting facilities where people have been deprived of their liberty, the preventive work consists of public outreach, ongoing dialogue with public authorities and civil society, and collaboration with international human rights bodies.
1. Visits to places of detention
The Parliamentary Ombudsman’s National Preventive Mechanism (NPM) visits facilities all over Norway where people are deprived of their liberty. The NPM can make both announced and unannounced visits.
2. National dialogue
In order to fulfil its mandate of effectively preventing torture and inhuman treatment, the Parliamentary Ombudsman depends on good dialogue with the responsible authorities at the national, regional and local level. Regular meetings with official bodies, such as ministries, directorates and county governors, are an important element in the preventive work. The Parliamentary Ombudsman also engages in dialogue with relevant civil society actors and shares the findings and recommendations of its National Preventive Mechanism visits with those who are deprived of their liberty.
3. International cooperation
The Parliamentary Ombudsman cooperates with several international players in connection with its preventive work, particularly with the UN Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture (SPT).